If the products you ordered are in small quantities, and some are lyophilized to thin films on the walls of the vials, it is possible that the vials appear empty on visual inspection. You could add appropriate solvent ( as indicated on the datasheet) and vortex or sonicate to insure all of the compound is dissolved.
Some compounds may appear waxy or sticky solids. These materials are difficult to be “weighed out “.It is recommended that such products should be dissolved directly in an appropriate solvent.
Some hygroscopic compounds will absorb water from the atmosphere, then they may look wet, or look like droplets of liquid. Such compounds need be stored in a dessicator to protect from exposure to moisture in the air.
The information about optional solvents for our products could be found in our product datasheet. For many compounds, they are not directly soluble in water, PBS or saline, but they could be dissolved in alcohol or DMSO to make a stock solution. These stock solutions are often stable for storage and can be diluted to the desired concentration with aqueous media for in vitro and in vivo assay at the time of use. In most cases, solubility in organic solvent will be high enough to be diluted 1/500 to 1/1000 with aqueous buffer according to your experimental objective. Small amounts of residual organic solvent (for example 0.1% DMSO) do not affect most of the biological assays, however we recommend solvent controls be run alongside all experiments as controls.
Please reconstitute peptides with sterile water. For acidic peptides or basic peptides, small amounts of ammonium hydroxide or 10% acetic acid should facilitate dissolution. For hydrophobic or neutral peptides, a minimal amount of DMSO or DMF could be used to solubilize then water of buffer is added. If necessary the solution can be sonicated briefly.
Warming the solution up to 37°C for brief periods alone, and/or combined with either vortexing or sonication for several minutes is often sufficient to dissolve the compound. If the solid does not dissolve after these steps, please contact our technical support for the further assistance.
It is common for compounds to precipitate when a DMSO stock solution is diluted with aqueous media. Most of these precipitates will re-dissolve with a few minutes of vortexing or sonication ,or brief warming in a 37°C water bath with sonication. Please ensure that the precipitate has completely re-dissolved before using the solution.
The storage temperatures that we indicate on our vial labels are the optimal conditions for long term storage. Many compounds are quite stable at warmer temperatures for short periods of time.
For the majority of compounds, they could be dissolved in DMSO or other organic solvent. Their stock solution could be stored at -20°C for up to 3 months and be re-aliquoted for convenience. Several freeze/thaw cycles should not damage their activities of our small molecule products.
However, in many instances the aqueous solutions of some compounds need to be made fresh and cannot be stored. For these compounds, their solution should be prepared just before use or stored no longer than 24 hours.
Our products are not sterile, (and) we cannot guarantee that they will not contaminate your cells. However there are several precautions that can prevent contamination of your cell assays.
Firstly, the culture media must contain the penicillin-streptomycin antibiotic. This will prevent the majority of contaminations.
Additionally, dissolve the compounds in the pure ethanol or DMSO. These solvents are not conducive to bacterial or fungal growth, and using them will prevent contaminants in your stock solution.
Finally, if possible the whole process of your experiments should be done under sterile conditions.